OVER THE COUNTER FOREIGN CURRENCY
This Risk Disclosure Statement describes some, but not all, of the risks of trading in the over the counter foreign currency market (“OTC foreign currency”). Trading in the OTC foreign currency market on a cash, spot or forward basis is not suitable for many members of the public. You should carefully consider whether trading is appropriate for you in light of your experience, objectives, financial resources and other relevant circumstances.
Trading is Speculative and Involves a High Degree of Risk. Trading in leveraged OTC foreign currency contracts is speculative and involves a high degree of risk. In particular, because of the low margin required for foreign currency trading, price changes in OTC foreign currency contracts may result in significant losses, which losses may substantially exceed the funds or other assets deposited as margin. Therefore, foreign currency contracts are appropriate only for persons that (a) understand and are willing to assume the economic, legal and other risks involved in such transactions, and (b) are financially able to withstand losses significantly in excess of their initial margin funds and any additional funds deposited to maintain their positions.
Currency Risks. Foreign currencies represent the legal tender of one or more foreign nations and normally are not linked to any intrinsically valuable commodity (such as precious metals). Any transaction involving foreign currencies, including OTC foreign currency contracts, involves risks not common to investments denominated entirely in a person’s domestic currency. Such enhanced risks include the risks of political or economic policy changes in a foreign nation, which may substantially and permanently alter the conditions, terms, marketability or price of a foreign currency. The profit or loss in transactions in foreign currency-denominated contracts (whether they are traded in a customer’s own or another jurisdiction) will also be affected by fluctuations in currency rates where there is a need to convert from the currency denomination of the contract to another currency.
Foreign Currency Dealer as Principal. A foreign currency dealer acts as the counterparty to all foreign currency contracts executed through the dealer’s system. A foreign currency dealer is not required to continue to make markets in foreign currency and may refuse to accept any order for any or no reason, including but not limited to the failure of a customer to have sufficient funds on deposit with foreign currency dealer to margin the position, market volatility, and illiquidity in the related interbank foreign currency market. In particular, during periods of market volatility, it may be difficult or impossible to liquidate an existing position, to assess the value of open positions, to determine a fair price or to assess the exposure to risk. For these reasons, transactions in foreign currency involve increased risks.
Risk Reducing Orders or Strategies. The placing of certain orders (e.g., ‘stop-loss’ or ‘stop-limit’ orders) that are intended to limit losses to certain amounts may not always be effective because market conditions or technological limitations may make it impossible to execute such orders. Strategies using combinations of positions, such as ‘spread’ and ‘straddle’ positions, may be as risky or even riskier than simple ‘long’ or ‘short’ positions.
Prices May Be Different From Prices Reported Elsewhere. The prices posted by a foreign currency dealer may not necessarily reflect the broader market for foreign currencies. Additionally, a foreign currency dealer will select closing prices to be used in determining margin requirements and in periodically marking to market the positions in customer accounts. Prices a foreign currency dealer uses may vary from those available to banks and other participants in the interbank market. Consequently, a foreign currency dealer may exercise considerable discretion in setting margin requirements and collecting margin funds.
Electronic Trading. Customers that trade on an electronic trading system software are exposed to risks associated with the system including the failure of hardware and software and system downtime, with respect to the trading platform, the individual customer’s system(s), and the communications infrastructure (including, without limitation, the Internet), connecting the trading platform with customers. As a result of any system failure or other interruption, orders either may not be executed according to the customer’s instructions or may not be executed at all, or a customer may not be able to place or change orders. Foreign currency dealers generally disclaim any liability for any such failure of hardware or software, system downtime or communications interruption. Further, does not warrant that it (or any customer) will be able to maintain a continuous and uninterrupted link with the Internet and shall have no liability for any such failure.
Deposited Cash and Other Property; Risk of Default. The transactions you enter into with a foreign currency dealer are not traded on an exchange. Therefore, under the U.S. Bankruptcy Code, your funds may not receive the same protections as funds used to margin or guarantee exchange-traded futures and options contracts, which receive a priority in bankruptcy. Since that same priority has not been given to funds used for off-exchange forex trading, if a foreign currency dealer becomes insolvent and you have a claim for amounts deposited or profits earned on transactions with the foreign currency dealer, your claim may not receive a priority. Without a priority, you are a general creditor and your claim will be paid, along with the claims of other general creditors, from any monies still available after priority claims are paid. Even customer funds that a foreign currency dealer keeps separate from its own operating funds may not be safe from the claims of other general and priority creditors.
Market Opinions. Any opinions expressed on the Currensee website as to the future direction of prices of specific currencies are purely opinions, do not necessarily represent the opinion of Currensee, and are not guaranteed in any way. In no event will Currensee have any liability for any losses incurred in connection with any decision made, action or inaction taken by any party in reliance upon the information provided verbally or through the Internet, or any delays, inaccuracies, errors in, or omissions of information.